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Week 7 – Biophysical economics I

Week 7 learning materials ‘handout’ [pdf]

Primary reading

** Melgar-Melgar, R and Hall, C (2020), Why ecological economics needs to return to its roots: The biophysical foundation of socio-economic systems, Ecological Economics, Volume 169, March, 106567
[summarises a neat chunk of:
Hall, C and Klitgaard, K (2018), Energy and the wealth of nations: An introduction to biophysical economics (2nd ed), Cham, Switzerland: Springer]

Diesendorf, M and Wiedman, T (2020), Implications of Trends in Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROI) for Transitioning to Renewable Electricity, Ecological Economics, 176, 106726


Biophysical Economics Policy Center (2018), What is biophysical economics?,

Klitgaard, K (2012), The Essence of Biophysical EconomicsNYSEA Proceedings, Volume 5, pp100-109

Gupta, A and Hall, C (2011), A review of the past and current state of  EROI dataSustainability, v3, pp1796-1809

Hall, C and Klitgaard, K (2006), The need for a new, biophysical-based paradigm in economics for the second half of the age of oilInternational Journal of Transdisciplinary Research, v1 no.1, pp4-22

Hall, C, Lambert, J and Balogh, S (2014), EROI of different fuels and the implications for society, Energy Policy, Volume 64, January, Pages 141-152

Hall, C, Balogh, S and Murphy, D (2009), What is the minimum EROI that a sustainable society must have?Energies, v2, pp25-47